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Ocular Disease 

 

We provide diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases which affect the human eye and visual system.  Some examples include:

 

 

Dry Eye Syndrome  occurs when the normal flow of tears over the eyes is interrupted, or the tear film is abnormal.  In many cases, dry eye syndrome may become a chronic, life-long problem.  You can relieve the symptoms, but not cure the original cause.  Artificial tear lubricants (eyedrops, gels or ointments) or in some cases blocking the tear ducts will concentrate the limited tears that are available.  There is a prescription medicine that also can stimulate improved tear production and reduce the inflammation that is common with dry eye syndrome.

 

 

 
 

      

Keratoconus is a disorder that occurs when the cornea, which is typically round, becomes cone-shaped.  The progression is usually slow and can stop at any stage from mild to severe.  This distortion increases as the cornea bulges and thins.  The apex of the cornea often scars, reducing the vision.  Treatment of Keratoconus is most effective with rigid gas-permeable contact lenses, designed specifically for the irregular corneal surface.  If contact lens treatment is not successful, surgical corneal transplant may be necessary.  A new procedure, currently undergoing FDA clinical studies and known as corneal collagen cross-linking, holds great promise for the future management of keratoconus.

 

 

Diabetic Retinopathy  is a condition when a diabetic person's blood sugar gets too high.  High blood sugar levels start a series of events which end in damaged blood vessel walls.  As such, the blood vessels begin to leak fluid or bleed, causing the retina to swell and form deposits known as exudates.  Vision can be lost if these spots are not watched and treated when necessary.  Here, at our office, we carefully examine the back of your eyes to follow and manage this and other important eye diseases.

 

 

 

Cataract is a clouding or opacity of the natural internal lens of the eye.  This opacity may be a small spot or may cover the entire lens.  When light enters the eye it is scattered, causing images to appear hazy and blurred.  There are many different types of cataracts.  The one shown here is a cortical cataract.  Here the opacity forms first in the periphery of the lens and develops inward, like spokes of a wheel.  Ultimately, the best  treatment is to remove the clouded lens and replace it with an acrylic man-made lens.  This is referred to as cataract surgery.  Thankfully cataract surgery is safe, painless and done on an outpatient basis.  Interestingly, many patients are much less dependent upon vision correction with eyeglasses after the procedure.

 

 

Macular Degeneration is a condition in which the central part of the back of the eye loses blood circulation.  It is considered a natural aging process.  There is a breakdown of retinal pigment epithelium cells in the macular region.  As the disease progresses, central vision diminishes.  It is believed that this breakdown may be due to a lack of nutrients being supplied to the region. Additional studies have found a genetic link to this disease.  Management includes:  protecting the retina from the damaging UV rays from sunlight with sunglasses that block 100% of UV-A and UV-B rays, proper diet along with a multivitamin supplement and, if applicable, discontinuing smoking.